Prescription drug abuse is taking a prescription drug not meant for you or taking it in dosages other than as prescribed, which can produce ill health effects and addiction.
Common Prescription Drug of Addiction
Common prescription drugs of addiction for pain include opioids such as Vicodin and OxyContin. Drugs that are depressants for anxiety and sleep disorders include Valium and Xanax. These drugs affect the central nervous system. Stimulants such as Ritalin and Adderall prescribed for narcolepsy and ADHD also cause addiction on prolonged used.
How Are Prescription Drugs Produced?
After extensive research and clinical testing trials, manufacturers submit it for approval to the U.S. Food & Drug Administration — Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. It then is tested on human volunteers to evaluate its safety and effectiveness. Once they pass this phase they are manufactured in large scale.
Why Are Prescription Drugs Addictive?
Most prescription drugs contain Opiates that create artificial endorphins in the brain -which produce euphoria in the user. Over a period they trick the brain into halting the production of these endorphins and at this point, the prescription drug addict can experience positive feelings only by sustained use of the drug in question.
What is Doctor Shopping?
Generally a patient seeks medical assistance from his /her regular physician a list of drugs is prescribed that is necessary for the legitimate treatment of their medical condition. Some patients, in order to feed their addiction to certain drugs, actively seek out other doctors to obtain more of the same set of drugs.
Prevalence of addiction to Prescription Drugs-who is addicted to the drug and is this type of addiction rising?
According to a statistic in 2009, 2.1% of 8th graders, 4.6% of 10th graders, and 5.1% of 12th graders had abused OxyContin and 2.7% of 8th graders, 7.7% of 10th graders, and 8.0% of 12th graders had abused Vicodin for nonmedical purposes at least once in the year 2009.
Signs of Prescription Drug Addiction
- Impulsive behavior
Prescription Drug Withdrawal Symptoms
Some withdrawal symptoms of prescription drugs abuse include muscle and bone aches, restlessness, sleep disorders, vomiting, and diarrhea. Also irritability, tremors, hallucinations, high heart and respiration rates and seizures may be manifested by individuals addicted to CNS depressants.
Types of Prescription Drug Rehab
Basically there are two types of prescription drug rehabilitation and these are inpatient and outpatient. Apart from different therapies available, the most well known prescription drug rehab type of treatment is a Methadone and Suboxone detox.